Sunday, 6 April 2014


Hormonal contraceptive pills is a form of  birth control measure used to prevent pregnancy.The  two female hormones; estrogen and progesterone's  laboratory made substitudes are used  to make it. These hormones give a woman her feminine features, prepares her uterus each month to receive a fertilized egg and helps  the egg to develop into a baby.

The hormonal contraceptives change the sequence of  the menstrual circle. When the pills are taken right after the menstruation, they prevent ovulation from  taking place. They also alter the lining of the uterus so that it is not receptive to a fertilized egg. Finally they alter the secretions of the cervix so that they become thick and sticky. This prevents sperm from  travelling upward from the vagina and entering the cavity of  the uterus. Estrogen and progesterone contraceptives protects a woman from having an unwanted pregnancy in these three ways. But the woman has to remember  to take  a pill everyday for the protection to happen. The pill is taken everyday for 21 days and then she  stops and then  takes sugar pills for another seven days. There is a second type of hormonal contraceptive. This type does  contain oestrogen., it contains only  progestogen and do not prevent ovulation consistently but it alters the secretions of the cervix so that the sperm has  difficulty in wriggling through. This  contraceptive  also   alters the lining  of the uterus so that  the egg if fertilized is unable to implant itself.
Oral contraceptives  is  a very effective  method of  birth control but they do not prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS and other  veneral diseases.

1. Nausea
2. Vomiting
3. Stomach cramps or bloating
4. Diarrhea
5. Constipation
6. Changes in menstrual flow
7. Breast tenderness
9. Weight gain
10. Irregular bleeding
11. Mood changes
12. Acne
13. Vaginal discharge
A woman should  weight the advantages and disadvantages of the hormonal contraceptives and other birth control methods and then choose the one that is safest for her. Also she should report  any side effect  she  notices to her doctor immediatelly.

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