Wednesday, 28 May 2014
SIDE EFFECTS OF THE ORAL CONTRACEPTIVE PILLS.
The following side- effects have been associated with the use of the oral contraceptive pills.
1. Ache- This increases in some women who take the pill.
2. Blood pressure- About one woman in every 20 taking the pill experiences a small rise in blood pressure.
3. Depression/ mood changes.
4. Headaches/ migraine.
5. Heart attacks/ strokes;- Women who are aged 35 or more, who are overweight, who smoke cigarettes and who choose the pill have five times the chance of having a heart attack or a stroke than similar women using other kinds of contraception. The risk is low, but women who are overweight, over 35 and smoke should either stop smoking or choose some other method of contraception.
6. Menstruation;- The amount is reduced and often, the colour changes from red to dirty brown.
7. Nausea/ vomiting;- This is fairly common in the first and second cycles of using the pill.
8. Thrombosis ;- There is evidence from investigations conducted that women taking the pill are more likely to develop clots in deep leg veins than women using other methods.
9. Vaginal discharge;- The vagina is normally kept moist by secretions from the cervix. Women taking the pill experience increased vaginal moisture, and some discharge.
10. Weight gain;- Some women taking the pill gain weight after a few months of use.
11. Because of the reported side- effects which are due to complicated biochemical changes in the body, some women are not supposed to take the pill. These include women who have infrequent menstruation, women who previously had a clot in a deep vein, women who have liver disease, women who have severe migraine, women with certain blood disorders, women with high blood pressure and women with severe diabetes.
The side-effects of the pill prevent it from being the perfect birth control method. A woman should weigh the advantages and disadvantages of the pill, as wells as how efficient the various birth control methods are in protecting her against unwanted pregnancy.
The use of the pill does have some advantages. The obvious one is that they enable women to control their fertility with ease. A woman taking the pill is unlikely to have dysmenorrhoea, her menstrual flow will be reduced and she is likely to have a reduced amount of premenstrual tension. In addition, women taking the pill have a lesser chance of developing ovarian cysts.But if you believe that the pill is causing a particular side effect which distresses you, you should consult a doctor and if necessary change to another method of birth control.