Wednesday, 14 January 2015


Cold is caused by many viruses. The symptoms of a cold are a runny nose, red eyes, sneezing, sore throat, dry cough, headache and general body aches.
There is a  gradual one or two  days before the  onset.  As  a cold progresses, the nasal mucus may thicken. This is the stage just before a cold dries up. A cold usually lasts about one or two weeks.
Colds can occur throughout the year but are most common in cold weathers.  Children have an average of   six  colds in a year while adults have fewer.  Colds cannot be prevented by using a mouth-wash or  antibiotics  There is  no  particular cure for colds. The solution is to treat the symptoms if you catch a cold. Sometimes a cold could lead to a bacterial infection such as bronchitis or pneumonia.
·         Eat well and get plenty of sleep and exercise to keep up your resistance.
·         Keep your hands away from your nose, eyes, and mouth, but cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze.
·         Wash your hands often, particularly when you are around people who have colds.
·         Stop smoking.
·         Breast feeding should be  encouraged, breastfed babies seem to have fewer, milder colds.

·         Get extra rest after work or school. Slow down just a little from your usual routine. It isn’t necessary to stay home in bed, but take care not to expose others.
·         Drink plenty of liquids. Hot water, herbal tea, or chicken soup will help relieve congestion.
·         Over the counter drugs like aspirin, ibuprofen,  etc  can help relieve aches but don’t give them to children without  a prescription.
·         Humidify the bedroom and take hot showers to relieve nasal stuffiness.
·         Watch the back of your throat for postnasal drip. If streaks of mucus appear, gargle to prevent a sore throat.
·         Use  disposable  tissues not handkerchiefs to reduce spreading the virus to others.
·         If your nose is red and sore from rubbing with tissues, put a bit of petroleum jelly on the sore area.
·         Treat each symptom separately.
·         Use a mucus thinning agent to improve mucus drainage.
·         A very  high fever that does not go down after two hours of  taking home treatment.
·         A  high  fever with shaking chills and cough.
·         Persistent fever.
·         Sputum is yellow, green, rust -coloured or bloody and other symptoms are worsening.
·         If facial pain, fever and other signs develop.
·         Nasal discharge changes from clear to  coloured  after five to seven days of a cold.
·         Cough that lingers more than 7 to 10 days after other symptoms have cleared especially if it is producing up sputum.

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