Wednesday, 2 April 2014
DIABETES IN PREGNANCY
Diabetes is a situation or condition where by the glucose or sugar in the blood is too high. This sugar comes about through the digestion of starchy foods such as bread and rice . A hormone in the body known as insulin helps the body use sugar for energy.
There are 3 types of diabetes that can affect people Type 1 and Type 2 are long term conditions. Gestational diabetes only occurs in pregnancy and goes away after delivery.
Type1 Diabetes; This is a condition where the body produces little or no insulin at all. This makes the body unable to use blood sugar for energy. It requires daily intake of insulin to control the condition.
Type 2 Diabetes; This is when the body produces too little insulin or cant make use of the insulin it makes to use blood sugar for energy. This condition can be controlled by eating a proper diet and exercise. Some people take diabetes pills, insulin or both of them.
This type of diabetes is the type of diabetes that is seen in a woman that did not have diabetes before she became pregnant. It can be controlled through a good diet and regular exercises. Sometimes, the woman requires insulin.
The test for gestational diabetes is to measure the glucose level in a woman's blood during her first antenatal visit and again at the 28th week of pregnancy. When a woman is expecting a baby, her body has to make extra insulin especially from mid pregnancy. Her body needs extra insulin because hormones from the placenta make the body less responsive to it. If her body cannot meet this demand, her blood sugar level will rise and she may develop gestational diabetes.
SYMPTOMS OF GESTATIONAL DIABETES
2.Dryness in the mouth
4. Excessive urination
5.Getting reccuriing infections eg thrush
6. Blurred vission
Gestational diabetes may lead to birth complications. Labour may need to be induced or a caeserian section may be carried out at the 38th or at 40 weeks. The baby may have a low blood sugar when born and also jaundice The baby's blood sugar will need to be mornitored for a while after birth.