Tuesday, 15 April 2014
SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES
The risk of being effected with STDs will be greatly reduced if men and women only had one sexual partner. The chances of catching an STD increases if a man or a woman has or has had sexual intercourse with several partners. STDs continue to spread because men and women choose to have several sex partners. Another way of reducing the spread of STDs is for men to use a condom every time he has sex if he and his partner are unsure about the previous sexual behaviour of each other. Below are some the more common STDs;
This disease is very common. In a man, the disease is diagnosed easily. Within 3 to 5 days of intercourse with an infected person , he notices a creamy discharge and feels pain when passing urine. Most of the time, women who are infected with gonorrhoea have no symptoms. Women act as silent reservoirs of the disease and can transmit gonorrhoea if they are sexually active. Gonorrhoea has more serious consequences for a woman than for a man. If a woman is not quickly treated, her oviducts may become so damaged that they become blocked so that the woman can never become pregnant.Treatment for gonorrhoea is however effective provided the infected person seeks help early.
This disease is a serious condition and is often hard to detect in a woman. Within 14 to 28 days or even 90 days sometimes after sexual intercourse with an infected person, the woman will notice a small sore on the lips of the vulva. It could be swollen and tender but painless. Unfortunately, this may appear on the cervix where it will not be detected. A woman should suspect she has syphilis if she notices a pink spotty rash on her chest, back or arm. If the rash is due to syphilis, it will persist for several weeks.
Syphilis carries two dangers for a woman if it remains untreated. One of the dangers is that if she becomes pregnant, the baby in her womb can become infected. The long term danger is that it causes damage to the nervous system and may lead to madness.
CHLAMYDIA; This disease can be transmitted during vaginal, anal or oral sex. It is one of the most commonly sexually transmitted diseases world wide. A pregnant woman can pass it to her baby during child birth. Majority of the women who have this disease do not know that they have it since they have no symptoms. In men, a white discharge from the penis with or without pain when urinating may be noticed. Sometimes the disease may spread to the upper genital tract in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease. If the disease is left untreated, it can cause serious reproductive and health problems with long and short term consequences one of which is blindness.
HIV AND AIDS
This disease is caused by a virus called the human immunedeficiency virus or HIV. Hiv is usually transmitted during sexual intercourse. It can also be transmitted through sharing sharp objects like neddles, razors etc. Blood transfussion is another avenue of transmission. An infected person is more likely to develop severe, often fatal infections which a non- infected person will easily shake off. Usually, a person with hiv will have no symptoms at first and feels well. This means he or she can easily affect a sexual partner. After about 5 years of being diagnosed of HIV , if the person has not started treatment, it may develop into full blown AIDS. This illness makes the gland swell, produces fever and the person feels tired and depressed.