Friday, 4 April 2014


ALCOHOL; Pregnant women should avoid alcohol intake during pregnancy. This is  because a woman who  drinks  excessively during pregnancy may end up having babies that are too small in size, mentally retarded or have characteristic features.
ANAEMIA ;   A  pregnant woman may become anaemic. This is because of an increase in the total volume of blood which occurs in pregnancy. The answer to this  is for the expectant mother  to take iron tablets daily,  eat a good diet and take an anemia preventing vitamin called folic  acid.

ANTENATAL DEPRESSION ; Some women get depressed during pregnancy especially those with first pregnancies. These ones are also more likely to develop depression after the  birth of their baby. They should seek help from caring health  professsionals rather than trying to cope alone.
BACKACHE; In pregnancy, the pelvic joints and ligaments relax.The growing  weight of the baby and the relaxed ligaments both combine to give the expectant mother backache. The backache increases during the day and is felt most towards evening and at night when  it may prevent sleep. Treatment is to prevent the condition from becoming worse.  She should improve on her posture, avoid high heeled shoes and also see her doctor to prescribe analgestics
BATHING;  It is safer for a a pregnant woman in the last four weeks of pregnancy to take her birth in a shower rather than the tub because the water may enter the vagina.Swimming in a pool is also safe and relaxing.
BODY IMAGE; Some people find pregnancy uncomfortable because their body has become fat and flabby. Her partner should show her through his behaviour that his feelings towards her has not  changed. He can do this by cuddling her and sharing the pregnancy with her.
BREASTS;  A woman should  care for  her breasts during pregnancy in order to establish breast feeding after delivery. Bland lanolin ointment should be rubbed on dry nipples. The nipples should be drawn out to  keep the ducts of the breast open.
BREATHLESSNESS;  Most expecting  mothers feel breathless on exertion. It is helpful to know  that this is common among  pregnant women and not a disease.
CLOTHING;  Pregnant  women should  always where clothes they are comfortable in. The watchword should be  anything that fits and makes her  feel good about herself and her pregnancy. Her bra too should  be well fitting. When she is at home or working, she should wear low healed shoes.
CONSTIPATION ; The muscle tone of the gut  is lowered  through out pregnancy which leads to constipation. In late pregnancy, this gets worsened  by pressure on the lower bowel by the enlarged uterus. The pregnant woman should increase her  fluid   intake  and try to open her bowels regularly after a meal. Wholemeal bread should also be eaten instead of white bread. This  makes the stool bulkier and reduces the time it takes for food to pass from the mouth to the time  it  is passed out as stool. This goes a long way to reduce constipation.
DENTAL  CARE; Care of the teeth does not differ  during pregnancy from other times. A tablet  per day of fluoride taken from the second trimester of pregnancy will protect the mother and baby.
DOUCHING ; Vaginal douching during pregnancy is unnecessary as the  vagina is self  cleansing. It could also pose a danger to the pregnant woman.
DRUGS IN PREGNANCY ; Pregnant mothers should not take any drugs until they have seen their doctor who will check her and prescribe only the drugs she really needs.
EMPLOYMENT ; Provided the expectant mother enjoys her job and it is not stressful,  she may continue working during pregnancy.
EXERCISE ; Exercise may be continued during pregnancy. These must be those ones that she enjoys and which does not pose a strain to the pregnancy.
FAINTING ; Fainting attacks, palpitations and headaches occassionally occur in pregnancy. This  is due to the alteration in the expectant mother's circulatory system. The expectant mother should take frequent short rests.

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