Wednesday, 30 April 2014
It is important to know the real sources of happiness and how to attain it.One of the ways to achieve happiness is when our desires are fulfilled. For example, when we are hungry and find something to eat especially if it is something we like, we are bound to fill happy .Also, if we love someone we will desire to be with that person and when we finally do, we feel happy.
Tuesday, 29 April 2014
Apart from cigarette smoking, there are other forms of smoking that are as damaging. They are;
1. Hand rolled tobacco - this can be very dangerous because they do not comply with any standards.
Saturday, 26 April 2014
Tuesday, 22 April 2014
Drug addiction however can be described as an overpowering desire or need to continue taking a drug and to obtain it by any means.Drug addiction is a condition in which the user has a tendency to increase the dose.In drug addiction, the user has a psychological and usually physical dependence on the effects of the drug.
Drug addiction is associated with '' abstinence syndrome'' with symptoms of acute distress when the drug is withdrawn, When a person is psychologically or physically addicted to a drug, he will experience ''withdrawal symptoms'' when he stops taking the drug. Withdrawal symptoms for drug addicts may include yawning,runny nose, tears, sweating, loss of appetite, trembling, goose flesh, abdominal cramps, insomania, restlessness, vomiting, diarrhea and weight loss.The drug actually becomes a part of the cell structure of the body. The addict comes to depend on the drug in order to function normally. The other factor is psychological dependence which may be more difficult for a drug addict withdrawing from a drug.
WHY PEOPLE TAKE DRUGS
1. As an escape- drugs help some people forget that they are lonely, depressed, unhappy, unemployed or poor. Some people claim that they offer an alternative when reality has become too threatening.
2. Because of peer pressure- If your friends take drugs, it can be very difficult for you to resist.People are afraid to be different.
3. Some people want to be different- Some think drug taking makes them different from every one else. It can be a way of asserting independence from parents, perhaps a way of hitting back at them.
4. Because they want to, despite the dangers.
5. Because they are addicted- they are unable to stop taking the drug.
DANGERS OF TAKING DRUGS
1. Having an accident while under the influence of drugs.
2. Some drugs may depress or stop breathing.
3.Accidental overdose may lead to unconsciousness or even death.
4. They can bring on confusion or frightening hallucinations.
5. They can cause unbalanced emotions or more serious mental disorders.
6. A first time user can become violently sick.
7. A person that uses drugs regularly may become constipated and women may cease menstruating.
8. There may be serious mental and physical effects later.
9. If a drug user starts to inject his or herself, infections leading to sore, abscesses,jaundice, blood poisoning and even hiv may follow.
Although people may use drugs to try to escape from their problems, it is not really helpful. The best way to really solve problems rather than escape from them is to confront them head on and if necessary get help.
The recommended exercises for maintaining a healthy life is called aerobic exercises. Brisk walking for 30 minutes each day, 3 to 4 days a week, cycling, swimming and jogging are all forms of aerobic exercises. Below are some of he benefits of aerobic exercises to our health;
1.Reversal of acidity ; exercises make the body to shake leading to movements within and without the cells. This movement causes a faster circulation of blood, increases flow of blood in the blood vessels and of water in and out of the cells which in turn ensures that the wastes from the cells get eliminated faster.These acidic wastes no longer accumulate in and around the cells and the tissues become alkaline.
2. Increases the rate of breathing and with the increased blood circulation, more oxygen gets to the cells and carbondioxide is eliminated from the body faster.
3. Reduction of blood pressure; exercise helps to build up the muscles of the heart, making the heart to pump more blood with less effort and efficiently. Capillaries that were shut down because of dehydration open up and with the formation of new capillaries as one exercises, more nutrients and oxygen are supplied to the growing muscle bulk.
4. Helps stabilize blood sugar level in diabetics; as the muscles do more work, they will require more glucose for the production of more energy. As the demand for glucose rises, less glucose becomes available in the blood for insulin to move into the cells for storage.There is improved sensitivity to insulin, working effectively to move glucose from the blood into the cells whenever the need arises.
5. Exercises increases sweating; There are millions of sweat glands in the skin and by sweating the body gets rid of certain toxic wastes. This is one of the ways that the body is detoxified and rendered alkaline.
5. Increases lymphatic flow ; The lymphatic system is made up of very tiny vessels which run side by side with the small arteries and veins. In these vessels is the lymphatic fluid that empties into the lymph nodes regionally located to serve corresponding parts of the body. The lymphatic system unlike the circulatory system has no pump to drive its fluid. It therefore depends on the contraction and relaxation of the muscles to move the fluid along the lymphatic vessels.With exercise, there is increased contraction of the muscles and this in turn ensures increased performance of the lymphatic system.
Friday, 18 April 2014
A couple is considered to be infertile if after a year of regular intercourse ,a pregnancy does not occur. In the past, infertility was always blamed on the woman but today, it is a known fact that in many cases of infertility, the reason could also lie with the man.
Thursday, 17 April 2014
Wednesday, 16 April 2014
Cancer can be defined as a disease whereby there is an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a particular part of the body and these cells are able to invade other tissues.There are different types of cancers but breast cancer is the second most common cancer in women.
Tuesday, 15 April 2014
Monday, 14 April 2014
Fibroids are non- cancerous tumours of the muscle fibres which make up the uterus. For some unknown reasons, one or more of the muscle fibres which make up the uterus start developing and quite soon a few small pea-sized tumours appears deep in the muscle walls of the uterus. At this stage no one can detect them, but as the months or years pass, the tumours become the size of a golf ball, a tennis ball or a grape fruit
This means that the fertilized egg has burrowed into the lining of the fallopian tube rather than reaching and implanting into the lining of the uterus.
Ectopic pregnancy can be described as a complication in pregnancy where the embryo implants itself outside the uterus.
Friday, 11 April 2014
Thursday, 10 April 2014
The process of child birth is called labour. It is labour because it is a time of work when the expectant mother exacts a lot of energy in order to bring forth her baby.
Labour is the period from when a pregnant woman starts having contractions to the time she finally delivers the baby.
Labour can also be defined as the period of time from when the uterus begins to contract to the time the woman delivers.
Monday, 7 April 2014
A miscarriage is when the fetus is lost in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy. 80% of miscarriages happen before the 20th week of pregnancy. If a woman miscarries after the pregnancy has passed 20 weeks is called late miscarriage. Most cases of miscarriages are due to the fact that the fetus has not formed properly and nature is getting rid of it. Miscarriages could also follow after a severe or viral infection or because of some abnormality of the uterus particularly a cervix which is incompetent.
Fruits and vegetables are very essential in our daily diet because they are fibre foods which are very essential for good health. Examples of fruits and vegetables include apples, banana, corn, beans, nuts, carrots, green beans, peaches, potatoes, strawberries,
Sunday, 6 April 2014
The reason for this could be emotional problems, poor habits that keep you awake or it could be for medical reasons.
From time to time, we may experience inability to sleep. This is normal and a temporary situation which may have been triggered off by stress,excessive intake of coffee etc. But a situation where inability to sleep becomes a regular occurrence that interferes with our everyday life, it is a sleep disorder.
The importance of sleep to the human body cannot be over emphasized. .This is because;
The urinary tract starts at the kidney, continues as a tube[the ureter] between the kidney and the bladder, expands as the bladder and then goes on as a tube between the bladder and the out side.
Infection of the urinary tract is usually due to the spread of bacteria from the outside up along the uretha to infect the bladder and then in most cases , up along the urether to affect the kidney.
A woman has a shorter urethra than a man and therefore is more likely to develop infection of the bladder.
Saturday, 5 April 2014
Friday, 4 April 2014
ANAEMIA ; A pregnant woman may become anaemic. This is because of an increase in the total volume of blood which occurs in pregnancy. The answer to this is for the expectant mother to take iron tablets daily, eat a good diet and take an anemia preventing vitamin called folic acid.
Thursday, 3 April 2014
1. Breast milk is sterile, balanced and appropriate for the human body.
2. Breast feeding enables the mother and baby to interact more fully than bottle feeding.
3. Breast milk supplies substances which protect the baby against infections especially gastro-intestinal infections, respiratory infections and viral infections
Wednesday, 2 April 2014
There are different types of arthritis. These are the common ones ;
1. Osleoarthritis ;this is a condition where the the cartilage loses its elasticity. The stiffness of the cartilage causes it to become damaged. When this happens, the tendons and ligaments become stretched
which in turn causes pain. In the long run , the bones may rub against each other which causes severe pain.
Rheumatiod Arthritis; This condition is more common in women than in men and occurs between the age of 40-60 years.
Diabetes is a situation or condition where by the glucose or sugar in the blood is too high. This sugar comes about through the digestion of starchy foods such as bread and rice . A hormone in the body known as insulin helps the body use sugar for energy.
There are 3 types of diabetes that can affect people Type 1 and Type 2 are long term conditions. Gestational diabetes only occurs in pregnancy and goes away after delivery.
Type1 Diabetes; This is a condition where the body produces little or no insulin at all. This makes the body unable to use blood sugar for energy. It requires daily intake of insulin to control the condition.
Type 2 Diabetes; This is when the body produces too little insulin or cant make use of the insulin it makes to use blood sugar for energy. This condition can be controlled by eating a proper diet and exercise. Some people take diabetes pills, insulin or both of them.
This type of diabetes is the type of diabetes that is seen in a woman that did not have diabetes before she became pregnant. It can be controlled through a good diet and regular exercises. Sometimes, the woman requires insulin.
The test for gestational diabetes is to measure the glucose level in a woman's blood during her first antenatal visit and again at the 28th week of pregnancy. When a woman is expecting a baby, her body has to make extra insulin especially from mid pregnancy. Her body needs extra insulin because hormones from the placenta make the body less responsive to it. If her body cannot meet this demand, her blood sugar level will rise and she may develop gestational diabetes.
SYMPTOMS OF GESTATIONAL DIABETES
2.Dryness in the mouth
4. Excessive urination
5.Getting reccuriing infections eg thrush
6. Blurred vission
Gestational diabetes may lead to birth complications. Labour may need to be induced or a caeserian section may be carried out at the 38th or at 40 weeks. The baby may have a low blood sugar when born and also jaundice The baby's blood sugar will need to be mornitored for a while after birth.
As a woman grows older, her blood pressure tends to rise because her artries are getting stiffer and less elastic. By the age of 70, one woman in three will have high blood pressure.To diagnose high blood pressure, your doctor will put a cuff around your arm and raise the pressure in the cuff until the blood flow below the cuff is stopped. The doctor will then release the pressure in the cuff slowly until the blood starts to flow again and the pulse can be detected by listening through a stethoscope. This gives the height of your blood pressure when your heart is breathing. The doctor continues to release the air in the cuff as he listens to your pulse until the beats cease. This measures your blood pressure when your heart is relaxed. The two measurements are recorded. If the reading exceeds 160/95 and this level or higher is found on three occassions at least three weeks apart, you have high blood pressure.
One of the most dangerous aspects of high blood pressure is that the person may not know he or she has it until the person goes for a check up. Regular checkups is very important especially if you have relatives who have it.
High blood pressure may present with the following symptoms;
1. Severe Headache
2. Chest Pain
4.Pounding feeling in the head or chest
CAUSES OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
3. Use of oral contraceptive in women
4. Diet high in saturated fat
5. A diet high in sait
6.Excessive alcohol intake
7.Overweight or obesity
8. Physical inactiveness
High blood pressure can be treated by changing your life style to a more relaxed one and losing weight if you are obessed. Doctors also prescribe diuretic drugs which reduce the blood pressure and increase your need to pass urine.
1. Make sure the people around you are people who make you feel good about yourself and not those who encourage you to smoke, eat or drink too much.
2. Choose role models that are strong healthy and real.
Tuesday, 1 April 2014
Menstruation is the periodic discharge of blood and mucuse tissues from the uterus and vagina.
Menstruation is the uterus weeping because pregnancy did not occur.It is the monthly shedding of a female's uteral lining It lasts from three days to one week and contains blood and tissue that leaves her body through the cervix and vagina.
FACTS ABOUT MENSTRUATION;
Few days before menstruation starts, many women feel off colour. She may feel bloated, tired, irritable or have a headache.All these may disappears after menstruation sets in .
Menstrual cramps are common when a woman is experiencing her menstruation. Doctors think that cramps are caused Prostagladin, a chemical that causes the muscles of the uterus to contract.
Some women crave certain foods while some develop acne.
PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH MENSTRUATION
There are some problems women encounter in relation with menstruation. This include pain, heavy bleeding and irregular periods.
Some women have painful periods. This is called DYSSMENORRHOEA. This can be relieved with over the counter painkillers.
A woman's period may become excessively heavy. This problem may be aggravated by clots being expelled too which leaves the woman exhausted. If this remains unchanged for a long time, the woman should consult a doctor who will examine her to find out if she has become anaemic, has high blood pressure, has fibroid or a tumour in her ovary.
Irregular periods may be as a result of emotional upset, pregnancy, excessive exercise or by strict dieting. It could also be as a result of a tumour of the pituitary gland or because she stopped taking birth control pills. The woman should see a doctor for examination and if necessary a specialist so that they can find out why she is not menstruating.
Soon after a child is born, parents behave differently towards the child depending on its sex. The way parents behave towards a child because of its sex as well as their expectations from that child has an impart on the pattern of behaviour of a child. This impart makes the child to behave in a feminine or a masculine way. Once the child's behaviour is conditioned in such a way, it is very difficult to change.
A child's masculine or feminine behaviour, depending on its sex has two components. The first is the way a person behaves to others to demonstrate he or she is a male or female. The second is the person's own awareness that he or she is a male or female.
The length of a menstrual circle varies among women ranging from 21 to 35 days with 28 days being the average.
The menstrual circle can be divided into 3 phases. A circle is counted from the first day of one period to the first day of the next period. The way and manner the hormones rise and falls during the month controls the menstrual circle.
In the first phase of the menstrual circle, the level of the female hormone called the estrogen rises. Estrogen also makes the lining of the womb grow and thicken.
The second stage is called the ovulation. This is when an egg is released from the ovary into the fallopian tubes. A woman can get pregnant at this time if sperm fertilizes the egg. A woman with a 28 days circle will ovulate on the fourteenth day of her circle
The last phase is the phase after ovulation. Hormones are further released to thicken the lining of the uterus in preparation for a fertilized egg. If a woman becomes pregnant, the fertilized egg attaches itself to the lining of the uterus, but if she doesn't get pregnant, the lining is shed off and this comes out as the menstruation and another circle begins.